This East African nation is known for stability. But drought and rising prices are fueling insecurity.
Drought and rising prices are fueling insecurity in Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya, as refugees flee to Europe, and the continent’s economy struggles to cope.
Across the continent, drought is becoming a new factor in an ongoing migration crisis.
And famine is increasingly shaping the political landscape.
From Ethiopia to Kenya, from Somalia to Tanzania, drought is becoming a new factor that shapes the political system, security, poverty and migration.
This East African nation is known for stability. But in an escalating migrant crisis, as refugees flee, and as the continent’s economy struggles to cope, drought is becoming a new factor shaping the security of the region.
And across the continent, drought is becoming a new factor shaping the political system, the security of the region, and the economies of entire countries.
As refugees flee to Europe, Ethiopia to Kenya, Somalia to Tanzania and North Africa.
And as the continent’s drought affects an increasing number of people by reducing food production.
These are the major drivers behind the ongoing migration crisis unfolding in Africa.
Drought and Famine
Over the past 40 years, Africa has struggled with hunger and famine, as farmers struggle to adapt to the changing weather.
The World Bank reports that the continent is facing “the largest humanitarian crisis since the second world war”.
In the past 10 years, the continent has lost more than one million lives to drought and famine. The majority of the deaths — 70 per cent — have been children under the age of five.
In 2015, the United Nations declared the drought in East Africa a “state of emergency”.
Drought threatens to undermine the stability of the region.
“In 2015, I witnessed an extreme hunger that made me feel ill. When the rains failed, the farmers were already looking up. To them, famine meant not having enough food to eat,” she said.